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The sights of Luxembourg can be seen even in a couple of days, because this is a very tiny state. But at the same time, you will spend these days so richly, having received a sea of positive emotions and learning a lot of interesting things that, leaving a hospitable country, you will forever keep in your memory bright and warm memories of the trip. The only thing that tourists should definitely do before the trip is to make a small plan for themselves of what to see in Luxembourg, so you will save time upon arrival and immediately plunge into the fascinating world of fabulously interesting places, and believe me, there are a lot of them here.
First things to see in Luxembourg
Excursions in Luxembourg are fascinating and varied, local residents sacredly appreciate the heritage of their ancestors, protecting every monument of history and architecture. Going to this amazing country, you will be able to make your own route to get to know it, and this will help you with a small rating of the best attractions, supplemented by descriptions and colorful photos, which is compiled based on the reviews of those who have already rested here.
< h3> 1. Old Quarters and Fortifications of Luxembourg City
Luxembourg, panorama of the old town Nikilux
The capital of this “dwarf” and very beautiful state has only today become one of the safest cities in the world, but this has not always been the case. Throughout its history, the city has been constantly attacked, devastated by captures, destroyed and rebuilt. The thing is that historically it was a strategically important point for which the French, Spaniards, Prussians, Austrians fought, because it was located just on the trade route between France and Germany. So a small castle, built in the 10th century by Count Siegfried, first turned into a prosperous settlement, and then into a well-fortified fortress that could withstand any attack and became the second most impregnable, after Gibraltar. Since 1994, the old quarters and fortifications have been classified as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, becoming the main attraction of the state. Those who wish can enjoy the impressive views from the wall of the fortification, and then visit the famous Bock casemates.
2. Berg Castle
The Castle of the Grand Duke in Colmar-Berg PlayMistyForMe
Officially, it is the main residence of the Grand Dukes and is located in the small town of Colmar-Berg, surrounded by picturesque places. To the great regret of tourists, the review of this historical monument, which first appeared on this site in the 15th century, is closed to tourists, because. the family of the Grand Duke lives here at the moment.
3. Place Guillaume II
Panorama of Place Guillaume II Sergey Ashmarin
This is the “heart” of the city, a place that is traditionally included in the list of places to go in Luxembourg. The central square is very beautiful, pedestrian, located in the historical part of the capital and presents great historical monuments to tourists: the old building of the city hall, the Luxembourg Cathedral, the monument to Duke Wilhelm II. A couple of steps from it is an elegant palace that has become the residence of the head of state.
4. Moselle River Valley
Landscape of the Moselle River Valley
This attraction is called the “pearl” of the region, famous for winemaking, and it is in its valley that the most luxurious wines are produced, valued all over the world (Pinot Noir, Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris). Guides in Luxembourg always recommend tourists to walk along the “Wine Trail”, along which there are many distilleries, wine cellars and tasting rooms.
5. The Golden Lady monument
Cayambe Golden Lady Monument
This is one of the most revered monuments of the capital, which is a tribute to the memory of the victims of three wars – two world wars and the Korean one. The golden statue of a woman is 21 meters high, the lady holds a crown over two male figures – the body of a dead soldier and a comrade leaning over him in deep sorrow. The monument deserves special attention.
Check out the magnificent views of Luxembourg in this beautiful video!
6. Vianden City and Castle
View of Vianden Castle
All recommendations on what to visit in Luxembourg point to this most beautiful building in Europe. At one time, Elizabeth II visited here, Victor Hugo fell in love with the picturesque town, and its greatest value is the local castle, built in the 11th-14th centuries, which was recently restored and welcomes tourists.
7. Merveille Park
Fairy-tale figure in Merveille Park in Luxembourg City MMFE
To make your trip even more exciting and varied, be sure to check out this amusement park, especially if you have children with you. It will pleasantly surprise you with a beautiful territory, a variety of attractions for children, a miniature railway and a small zoo. You can find it near Bettambour.
8. Mamer Castle
Mamer Castle on Independence Square Ipigott at English Wikipedia
This unique historical and architectural ensemble, consisting of four interesting buildings, you will find when you go to the commune of Mamer. The castle, dating back to the 10th century, welcomes guests in the center of the town – on Independence Square.
9. Adolf's Bridge
The majestic stone, but rather elegant building, which connected the Upper and Lower Towns, is rightfully called the capital's “visiting card” and one of the best sights of Luxembourg. The construction was started by the Grand Duke Adolf in 1900, and in just three years the construction of the largest stone bridge in the world at that time was completed. The scale of the construction is still impressive today. The structure is magnificent both during the day and in the evening (when its curves are effectively illuminated by illumination).
Official website: https://www.luxembourg-city
< h3> 10. Luxembourg Switzerland
Corner of Luxembourg Switzerland
If you are attracted not only by architecture, but when you go to an amazing country, you are looking for what to see in Luxembourg to enjoy the beauties of local landscapes, then be sure to go east – to Luxembourg Switzerland. Picturesque rivers, marvelous nature, rocks formed from sandstone since the Ice Age, do not leave anyone indifferent, and a visit to the ancient city of Echternach will be a great end to the walk.
11. Museum of Trams and Buses of the City of Luxembourg
Luxembourg Museum of Trams and Buses Smiley.toerist
This place will certainly appeal to fans of original and unusual museums, which are not found in absolutely all cities of the world. Here you will find a unique collection of public transport from different years. A horse-drawn carriage, old buses, well-restored pioneer tram cars, samples of tickets for travel and service uniforms for drivers, unique photographs – thanks to all this, you will learn a lot of new things and get a lot of positive emotions.
Small town of Larochette
This small old town is comfortably located between the picturesque rocky slopes. On one of them you will find an ancient castle built back in the 11th century. For several centuries, representatives of the von Fels family lived here, until the castle was damaged by fire. For a long time, Larochette was empty, but today one of the oldest buildings has been restored and invites guests to plunge into the world of life of medieval feudal lords.
13. Notre Dame Cathedral of Luxembourg
Notre Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg
This is one of the most famous sights of Luxembourg, which in many guidebooks is designated as the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Notre Dame. The majestic building of the 17th century is made in the late Gothic style, but does not look gloomy, because. richly decorated with architectural elements characteristic of the Renaissance. The cathedral is crowned with 3 towers, one of which has a bell tower. An unusual combination of completely different styles gives the building a special charm and external charm, but at the same time, the luxurious interior of the cathedral cannot but impress: columns with arabesques in the form of decorations, colorful stained-glass windows, sculptures, a neo-Gothic confessional. The Grand Dukes of Luxembourg, who ruled earlier, are buried in the crypt of Notre Dame, the entrance to the tomb is “guarded” by a pair of bronze lions. The main value of the cathedral was the miraculous icon of the Mother of God – the Comforter of the Sorrowful.
14. The village and castle of Walferdange
Walferdange Castle in the center of Luxembourg Ipigott
Having time and thinking about what to visit in Luxembourg, pay attention to the small town of Walferdange. Here you will meet the eponymous two-hundred-year-old castle with an interesting history. The fact is that Wilhelm I originally built it as a … stud farm, and planned that the breeding of pedigree horses would develop here, and after a while the son and heir of the duke, William II, made a luxurious royal residence out of the castle. Also, when visiting the town, you should also take time to visit the Roman villa.
15. Casemates Bock
Bock casemates in the thickness of Le Boc cliff
Even if you are limited in time and are looking for what to see in Luxembourg in 1 day, be sure to include the Casemates, which are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Fund, in your excursion program. The construction of the XVII century is a seventeen-kilometer tunnels and chambers carved into the rock of Le Boc. The tour will introduce you to caves, archaeological crypts with unique finds, and an unexpected “exit” from the rock at a hundred-meter height will show the city in all its glory from a bird's eye view.
Official website: https://www.luxembourg-city
16. Three Acorns Fortress
Entrance to the Three Acorns Fortress
This is one of the most attractive historical places located in the capital. The three towers are part of a fort built to defend the city in 1732. This is all that remains of the once powerful monumental structure. Today, the fortress is open to tourists and invites you to visit the Tüngen Museum with an interesting exposition dedicated to the history of the city.
17. Haut-Sur National Park
Panorama of the Haute-sur National Park Nikilux
This is a corner of wild nature, “creeped” in the very heart of Europe. It is located near Essling and was created relatively recently, in 1999, but is already one of the best attractions in Luxembourg. This is both a nature reserve and a place where you can plunge into the atmosphere of antiquity (which is facilitated by abandoned chapels and mills). Here is beautiful nature, a lake with the purest water, rare species of plants, animals, a reservoir (where water sports are practiced) – a great place to relax.
Orangery and French garden in Mondorf spa park Christian Ries
This small town in the southeast of the country attracts with its mineral springs, known throughout the world for their healing power. It has a mild climate, thermal waters with a temperature of 25 degrees, which help in the treatment of rheumatism and a number of diseases.
Sights of Luxembourg: what else to see in Luxembourg
Now that you know exactly what must-see attractions in Luxembourg, you can consider fallback options in case you have some free time. This amazing country, although tiny, is rich in historical and architectural monuments from different centuries.
19. Beaufort Castle
The majestic walls of Beaufort Castle
In the small eastern town of Beaufort, you will find a historically significant building for the country, built in the 11th century as a fortress, which eventually became a powerful defensive fortification. The central tower has been preserved, which offers a magnificent view of the surroundings, and tourists can also see the famous Beaufort prison, which is equipped with a torture chamber that causes terrible emotions.
Official website: https: //beaufortcastles.com/
20. Palace of the Grand Dukes
Palace of the Grand Dukes
The magnificent building, the appearance of which today is admired by tourists and guests of the city, is the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg, intended for audiences and meetings of delegations at the state level, was built back in 1572. Initially, the building changed many owners and was used for various purposes (as a city hall, the governor's estate), but by decree of the last Duke of Nassau – Adolf, it became a permanent official residence. The interior of the palace is constantly updated and maintained in accordance with modern standards of comfort.
Official website: https://www.visitluxembourg
21. Echternach Abbey
Panorama of the Abbey of Echternach Nikilux
History lovers should definitely visit the oldest city in the country, famous for the abbey, which was founded in the 7th century thanks to the Benedictine Willibrord. Despite the fact that the Germans destroyed the monastery during the Second World War, the Luxembourgers restored the historical monument, which today welcomes guests.
22. Butterfly Garden in Grevenmacher
One of the 50 butterfly species in Grevenmacher Laura Wolf
An amazing garden surrounded by lush greenery and luxurious tropical flowers awaits nature lovers in the city of winemakers on the banks of the Moselle River. Here you can see about a hundred exotic species of butterflies, as well as “get acquainted” with chameleons, turtles. The walk will leave a lasting impression.
Official website: http://www.papillons.lu/en/
23. Bourscheid Castle
Bourscheid Castle – the largest castle in Luxembourg
The unique attraction of Luxembourg is located on a hill in the small village of Esch-sur-Sur, near the town of Ettelbruck. An interesting building dating back to the 10th century has the shape of a triangle, its longest side stretches for 150 meters, and the area of the territory is 12 thousand square meters. meters. On the territory of Bourscheid Castle there is Stolzemburger Palace, which today hosts various cultural events.
Official website: http://chateau.bourscheid.lu
Now you know exactly all the most interesting and unusual tourist sites of this amazing country, which means that your trip will be unforgettable. All that is left is to choose a place to stop, but don’t worry, hotels in Luxembourg will also delight you with the variety and quality of accommodation. Well, one more thing – if you are coming here for the first time, you can hire a professional guide who will take you closer to all the local historical monuments and architectural masterpieces.
Read also about the best sights of Liechtenstein and be inspired for your further trip around Europe !